Patients may, for various reasons, develop arrhythmia, which is a condition that makes the heart to beat in an irregular rhythm. Also, when the heart pumps too quickly or slowly, it is possible that the body does not receive adequate blood. Therefore, a pacemaker, which is an electrical medical device, will be implanted in the chest to help maintain the regular beating of the heart. The implantation of the pacemaker requires minor surgery, and the procedure is done to treat two types of arrhythmias: Tachycardia: a fast heartbeat and Bradycardia: a slow heartbeat.
Furthermore, when the body does not get enough blood, the following symptoms may occur, which may require patients to have a pacemaker:
A feeling of exhaustion.
Difficulty in breathing.
Injury to vital organs.
The pacemaker controls the heart rhythm by regulating the electrical system in the body. When the heartbeats, it signals an electrical impulse resulting in the contraction of the heart’s muscles. Subsequently, tracking and recording the heartbeat by implanting a pacemaker under the skin can significantly help the doctor to understate the reasons for arrhythmia. A pacemaker can be implanted permanently or temporarily, considering the severity of heart problems and the opinion of the cardiologist.
Prior to receiving a pacemaker, it is necessary to take some tests:
Echocardiogram: The test uses soundwaves to analyzes the action and thickness of the heart.
Electrocardiogram: It is used for measuring the heart’s electrical signals.
Holter monitoring: For a day or two, a device will track the patient’s heart electrical activity.
Stress test: While walking on a treadmill or riding a stationary bike, the heart rate will be monitored.
For undergoing this procedure, patients will be administered a sedative to help them feel relaxed. The doctor will inject a local anesthetic in the access point, and a small incision will be made near the shoulder. Afterward, a catheter will be interested and threaded toward the heart’s veins with the help of an X-ray machine. Then, the surgeon will attach one end of the wire with an electrode to the right ventricle of the heart, and a pulse generator will be attached to the other end of the wire.
When the procedure is finished, the incision site will be closed with stitches. After the implanted pacemaker is finished, the patient may need to remain at the hospital for a few days so that the doctor can adjust the pacemaker to the patient’s natural heart rate. The information regarding heart rate and rhythm, and whether the pacemaker is functional will be transmitted to the doctor’s office.
Complication from pacemaker surgery
Infection at the incision site or pacemaker implanted area.
A possible allergic reaction to dye or anesthetic.
Injury in the veins near the pacemaker.
A collapsed lung.
Postoperative care in pacemaker surgery
Before a patient goes home, the pacemaker will be programmed to fit the heart rate.
Patients should avoid strenuous activities or heavy lifting.
Taking some pain-relieving medications is recommended.
To prevent any interference with the pacemaker, certain electrical devices should be avoided:
Standing for too long near the microwaves.
Pacemaker in Iran
The first use of an implantable pacemaker, which resulted in saving countless lives was in 1960. Following that, Iran began to explore the possibilities that this type of treatment can provide to patients who were suffering from cardiovascular diseases. In 1992, the operation of The Pacemaker Clinic at Shahid Rajai Cardiovascular Research Center was a defining moment to realize innovative solutions and a number of applications that the procedure can offer to all patients. In today’s world, including Iran, and modern cardiology practice, a cardiac pacemaker is frequently used for various treatment related to heart diseases, with more than 250 to 800 per million implantations per year. Over the years, Iran’s Ministry of Health has allocated financial aids to the establishment of many Arrhythmia Clinics across the country, which in return has attracted many patients from across the world to undergo this treatment.
Pacemaker in Medova
As a health tourism company that arranges, oversee, and evaluate all medical trips that are made by patients from different nationalities, Medova has gained a reliable and trustworthy reputation in offering the most efficient medical treatments. The medical services are not the only factors that have contributed to Medova reputation in health tourism. Subsequently, services including access to the best doctors in Iran, close collaboration with specialized and sub-specialized hospitals, and an extensive preliminary process to find the best treatment option for every patient has also given a completive advantage. In addition to all of the above qualities, the price of most of the operations is super affordable, given the quality of treatment that patients receive. For further information, please contact Medova through a free online consultation service.