ICSI is an assisted-reproductive treatment in which a single sperm cell is injected directly into the cytoplasm of an egg in vitro fertilization. It is used in all cases that sperm may not reach the egg, including fallopian tube closure, pelvic adhesion, deficiency in semen, abnormal sperm morphology, poor sperm as well as low sperm mobility.
In the IVF procedure, sperms and eggs are placed together for fertilization to occur. In some cases, sperm, however, is unable to move to egg and digest its surrounding issue. Then, successful fertilization doesn’t occur. Like usual IVF procedures, physician, in such conditions, extracts mature eggs by injecting hormones into the mother. Next, the coating around the egg is removed by enzymes, and sperm is injected through a special needle into the egg.
How does CISI work?
At first, the physician stimulates follicle growth, oocyte maturation as well as ovulation by prescribing steroid hormones and injecting HMG and HCG into the mother’s body. When the mother gained full consciousness or in some cases through tranquilizer and local anesthesia, an egg is extracted by the physician for the mother’s comfort. In this step, special catheters for the egg are separated from the mother’s body by ultrasound. Such a mature egg is exposed to certain enzymes to get ready for injecting semen into her own body. After the sperm is injected into the egg and the egg cell is formed, the embryo is transported to the uterus. like IVF, in ICSI, a number of embryos are entered the uterus to increase the chance of successful pregnancy and implantation as well. Therefore, there is a chance of multiple pregnancies too.
ICSI in Iran
In Iran, there are numerous centers to perform ICSI. Having equipped with experienced and skillful staff as well as having applied up-to-date tools and equipment, such centers changed Iran to one of the best destinations to carry out assisted reproductive treatment including ICSI. Given the high quality and low-cost services, Iran, moreover, can be regarded as one of the most suitable destinations in this context. You can access your own appropriate specialist and infertility treatment center through a free consultation with Medova Medical Tourism experts.
Doctors who perform ICSI in Iran
In Iran, the ICSI procedure is carried out by the Ministry of Health, and the treatment is allowed only to infertility and IVF fellowship–trained gynecologists.