Breast Cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the breast tissue and is one of the most common cancers. It should be noted that one in eight people will get breast cancer, which is more common in women than men.
This cancer is caused by the extraordinary growth of abnormal cells in the breast. In both benign and malignant tumors, there is rapid cell growth. The process of cell proliferation in benign tumors stops at a certain stage. In malignant tumors, this growth continues uncontrollably to the point that if left untreated, it can affect and disable all parts of the body.
What causes breast cancer?
The most important factors that increase the risk of breast cancer are:
Family history of breast cancer, especially in mother, sister or daughter
History of breast cancer in the individual
The age of first childbirth is more than 35 years
Change in genes
Types of race
Excessive consumption of animal fats in the diet
History of extensive radiation to the chest
Some benign breast diseases
If you have symptoms of breast cancer or the results of screening tests show that you have cancer, your physician should find out whether the results and symptoms are from cancer or other problems. Your physician may ask you about your medical history and of your family or may need a physical exam. Your doctor may refer you to a mammogram or other x-ray. For these tests, they take pictures of the tissues inside the breast. Then, the doctor may conclude that no further tests are required or may decide that you need more tests or a biopsy to find cancer cells.
Early detection methods for breast cancer
Breast screening by a doctor
Signs and symptoms of breast cancer
Breast mass or tumor
Secretion from the nipple
Changes in nipple skin
Changes in breast skin
Enlargement of the axillary lymph nodes
Change in size of the breast
How to treat breast cancer?
65% of patients with breast cancer no longer need to have their limbs amputated and their breasts completely removed based on advancements made on breast surgery and the use of therapeutic therapies including chemotherapy simultaneously.
In the following, the other methods for the treatment of breast cancer are presented:
Surgery and treatment of breast cancer (removal of the gland and some surrounding healthy tissues during surgery)
Pharmacological or biological treatment
Lymph node biopsy for breast cancer
Dissection of axillary lymph nodes in breast cancer
After surgery, the next step for breast cancer management at the first stage is to reduce the risk of recurrence and get rid of any cancer cells. Treatment after surgery is called adjuvant therapy including, Chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy, Targeted and/or Hormonal Therapies.
Complications of breast cancer treatment
Radiation therapy can cause side effects, such as fatigue, chest swelling, skin redness, or itchy skin, which is sometimes accompanied by blistering. Your physician may prescribe topical medications to treat some of these side effects. Other symptoms of breast cancer can include breast lumps, breast deformity, skin dimpling, nipple discharge, or skin scaling. In patients whose disease has spread to other organs, these symptoms can include swelling of lymph nodes, shortness of breath, bone pain, or jaundice.
Some complementary therapies are useful for managing the symptoms and side effects of:
yoga to reduce anxiety and stress
Breast cancer treatment in Iran
Relying on classical methods, modern breast surgery is a combination of cancer surgery and cosmetic surgery that is collectively called “otoplasty”, in which the surgeon first proceeds to entirely removes the entire breast tissue from the malignant tumor so that the aesthetic parameters are maintained. Experienced surgeons at the Medova Health Tourism will use cosmetic surgery procedures to prevent the breast from becoming abnormal during surgery or to try to improve sagging breasts at the same time. Having benefitted from the best radiology, oncology, and chemotherapy centers in addition to post-treatment, and online counseling sectors, Medova tries to satisfy patients. It has provided Iranian and non-Iranian patients with all diagnostic and therapeutic services related to breast diseases.