Hypospadias is a congenial abnormity which mostly occurs in boys, in which the ureteral opening would be located at any place underside of the pines instead at the tip. The opening of the urethra in babies who have been diagnosed with hypospadias forms on other areas of the penis either on the shaft or on the scrotum. Furthermore, the development of hypospadias can lead to other debilitating conditions, including the following:
Abnormal development of the penis (chordee)
One of the testicles may not develop fully
The incomplete development of the penis
Research has shown that the defective feature is a common problem in infants’ boys, affecting one of every 250 newborn boys. The causes of hypospadias are still under discussion, but the family trend, for example, father or brother may play an essential role in boys who have hypospadias. In addition, other risk factors may be associated with hypospadias:
Genetics: Gene variation can have a significant impact on the disruption of the male genital formation.
Age: Studies have indicated that women who are older than 35 are more susceptible to give birth to boys whohave hypospadias.
Women who have been exposed to certain substances: There has been some speculation that certain hormones or other substances such as pesticides or industrial chemicals may be associated with the development of hypospadias.
Moreover, doctors highly recommend patients with hypospadias to follow treatment at the right time, because it can lead to a disfigurement of the penis, a problem with the discharging of the urine, abnormal curvature during erection, and difficulty in ejaculation.
How can hypospadias be diagnosed?
Pediatricians can give the diagnosis of hypospadias after the physical examination of the child. In some cases, the doctor may seek the opinion of a pediatric urologist who is specialized in genital and urinary conditions. The most visible symptoms of hypospadias are the foreskin of the penis which has not been completely formed and the urethral opening, which is not in the right place.
How is the treatment of hypospadias preformed?
Since the late 1800s, surgery has been an effective treatment in fixing the hypospadias. Generally, Urologists prefer to perform the surgery when the child is between six to 12 months, for the reason that recovering from anesthetic is much safer. Furthermore, the purpose of hypospadias is to fix the penis curvature and to position the urethra opening in the right place at the tip of the penis. Additionally, in order for the surgeon to reconstruct the urinary channel, he or she may use tissues from the foreskin or the inside of the mouth. The success rate of this procedure is quite high, and patients can have a healthy-looking penis. Also, to help with the passing of the urine, a small tube will be placed in the urethra. Also, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics to prevent any infection at the surgery site.
At the end of the procedure, the doctor will give full instructions on how to help children reaching full recovery. For instance, patients or parents should be wholly aware and follow the doctor’s instructions regarding bathing, changing the bandages, and exhibiting any signs of infection. On the first days following the surgery, the patients may feel pain or discomfort, which taking pain killers may ease the pain. Subsequently, brushing and swelling at the surgery site is common and will go away after a few weeks of the surgery. For full recovery following precautions are advised:
Patients should refrain from strenuous activities for several weeks.
Patients should avoid driving or riding bicycles.
It is highly recommended that if patients exhibit the below symptoms, they should contact their doctors immediately:
High fever that continues for 24 hours.
Having difficulty in urination.
Discoloration of the penis.
Bleeding at the surgery site.
Hypospadias in Iran
Over the past decades, various surgical methodologies have been developed with the aim of giving the penis a natural and cosmetical appearance, in addition to fixing the urethra opening. Performing cosmetic surgeries in Iran is known around the world to be of high quality with an exceptional outcome; therefore, Iranian urologists have yielded outstanding results in treating patients with hypospadias. Subsequently, pediatric hospitals in Iran are equipped with the best professional doctors and surgeons who have shown tremendous promise in applying various operations for patients based on the severity of their condition. In past years, the number of foreign patients who are traveling to Iran, as one of the trusted destinations, for various non-invasive surgeries is increasing rapidly. The increased number of people is a testimony to the level of expertise that Iranian surgeons have exhibited in treating patients with various diseases.
Hypospadias in Medova
Medova has been in the spotlight of the medical tourism industry both in Iran and neighboring countries due to its close collaboration with advance specialized and sub-specialized hospitals accompanied by skilled physicians and surgeons. Medova has been hosting patients from across the world who have witnessed the most individualized treatment plan based on their health goals. What is more, Medova has a rich experience in providing health services to patients who require both treatment and cosmetic surgery and can assure them that all procedures will be performed with the newest technologies.