Patients may, for various reasons, develop kidney stones that are too large to pass through the urethra. In some cases, when the stone is small, it will be simply discharged during urination; however, if the stones are abnormally large, patients may face debilitating conditions, including urinary blockage and pain.
For the treatment of large kidney stones, doctors initially prescribe medication, unfortunately, most of the time, symptoms will not be alleviated, and alternative treatments should be followed for the removal of enlarged stones. Subsequently, transurethral lithotripsy, which is a noninvasive procedure uses focused ultrasonic energy or shock waves in order to break the stones. The shock waves directly target large stones in the kidney by breaking them down to small pieces which later will be flushed through the urethra.
Moreover, the procedure is considered one of the best alternatives to invasive surgeries for the removal of kidney stones. Nevertheless, patients who are most likely to see successful outcomes with transurethral lithotripsy are those with small kidney stones that can be easily detected and seen by x-ray imaging.
What should patients do before transurethral lithotripsy?
Usually, patients may be required not to eat anything; the doctor will give the exact hour for fasting.
Patients who are pregnant should notify the doctor about their pregnancy.
Also, patients should notify the doctor if they have any allergic reactions to any medication or sedative drugs.
How is transurethral lithotripsy performed?
In this procedure, after checking the patient medical history, the doctor will conduct a physical examination to ensure the well- being of each patient before performing such an operation. Also, since Transurethral lithotripsy is a non-invasive procedure, it is performed on an outpatient basis. Applying anesthetic will be dependent on the patient’s condition and the doctor’s opinion. After that, with the use of the x-ray machine, the location of kidney stones will be pinpointed. If patients are awake during the procedure, they may feel a tapping sensation on their skin. Following that, a sequence of shock waves will be administered to obliterate any abnormal kidney stones and to make them small enough to pass the urethra.
What are the risks involved with transurethral lithotripsy?
It is recommended that patients inform the doctor about any radiation exposure that they had previously, like CT scans or X-ray imaging, because It helps the doctor with the overall health assessment. Furthermore, complications in Transurethral lithotripsy may include the following:
The trace of bleeding in the kidney area.
Blockage of the urethra due to stone fragments.
More transurethral lithotripsy may be performed to shatter stone fragments.
What happens after the transurethral lithotripsy?
Patients’ blood pressure, pulse, and breathing will be checked.
The doctor will advise patients to drink plenty of fluids.
After the procedure, patients may see blood during urination.
The doctor will prescribe antibiotics or pain reliever.
If patients show the following symptoms, they should notify the doctor immediately:
A burning sensation while urinating
An urgent feeling to urinate
Exhibiting pain in the back
Transurethral lithotripsy in Iran
Treatments of patients with kidney stones became revolutionary by the introduction of lithotripsy in the 1980s. In Iran, most of the patients who suffered kidney stone disease required major surgeries for the removal of their stones; however, the new advancement in technology has made this procedure a non-invasive treatment. Since then, one of the most effective treatments that can shatter kidney stones without the need for making any small incision is thetransurethral lithotripsy.
Moreover, Iranian urologists have been recognized worldwide and respected for the works that they have contributed not only to the academic society but also in providing insight to treat patients with kidney stones. Patients can feel confident that their kidney stone treatment in Iran will be performed by urology professors who have a rich background in these types of operations. In the last decades, Iran Minster of Health has endeavored to encourage sub-specialized hospitals to provide the latest and safest treatment facilities for both foreign and domestic patients, which is more reason to choose Iran as one of the most suitable destinations to continue any treatment.
Transurethral lithotripsy in Medova
As one of the trusted health tourism centers, Medova has been relentless in offering foreign patients nothing except unimpeachable medical services that are best suited to each patient. The medical services that Medova offers to many patients over the past years have increasingly turned Iran to one of the unfailing and capable destinations to provide the best type of treatments. Furthermore, doctors who are working with Medova are among some of the well-recognized medical practitioners. Medova is proud to mention that all of the procedures will be cost-effective and will be performed with the highest standards compared with neighboring countries.