What do we know about COVID-19 so far/ latest scientific discoveries presented by researchers?
In recent months, the whole world has been facing unprecedented challenges in the spread of coronavirus 2019 or COVID-19. The start of the year 2020 began with the outbreak of Coronavirus disease; a disease that has resulted in the death of thousands of people in many countries and has led to a complete nationwide lockdown in the past few months.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and scientists, Coronavirus disease may continue in the future; therefore, many people are at high risk of getting exposed to it for a long time. As a result, it is essential that we learn more about this virus.
What is Coronavirus?
Based on the definition given by the (WHO), Coronavirus disease is a large family of viruses that can infect both humans and animals. The number of family viruses that have been discovered so far causes various respiratory infections in humans. These infections vary from colds to more severe illnesses, such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). The novel coronavirus, which has recently spread across the world, is the cause of COVID-19.
What is COVID-19?
In 2020, Coronavirus disease has been recognized as one of the most critical issues, and many countries are grappling with this virus relentlessly. The first appearance of coronavirus 2019 was in Wuhan, China. The coronavirus 2019, or COVID-19, also known as Acute Respiratory Disease 2019, is caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) coronavirus 2.
According to research conducted by scientists, the primary source of the virus has not been discovered yet. However, it is believed that the Huanan seafood market might be the first place where the virus was originated from or has contributed to its spread.
The pandemic and spread of the virus around the world, the incubation period, the unknown aspects of the virus, the rate of the spread, the ways that the virus can be transmitted and the mortality rate had obligated the government of various countries to take serious precautions, to implement health and treatment protocols, and to quarantine public places.
What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
World Health Organization has pointed out that fever, fatigue, and dry cough are common symptoms of COVID-19. There are other symptoms that are related to COVID-19, including pain and sluggishness, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat, or diarrhea. These symptoms and their severity vary from person to person. The severity of these symptoms depends on how severe the disease is in the patient.
What are the first symptoms of Coronavirus?
The incubation period (time between exposure to the virus (becoming infected) and the onset of the symptom) is one of the alarming problems in COVID-19. The incubation period is usually between 1 to 14 days; however, five days is the most common time. For this very reason, it causes the disease to spread either form hidden carriers or people with mild or contagious symptoms which have not any visible coronavirus symptoms, and as a result, more people will become infected with COVID-19.
Consequently, understanding the coronavirus symptoms can help you notice the disease sooner and start the treatment process. COVID-19 may simply begin with a cough which is without fever, abdominal pain, headache, low back pain, and an overall feeling of tiredness. The loss of sense of smell in patients is another symptom that occurs during the first few days.
According to the experts, infected individuals may gradually have shortness of breath after a few days of becoming exposed to the virus, which will become exacerbated by physical activity. Therefore, patients should take shortness of breath caused by COVID-19seriously, because this symptom lowers the oxygen level in the blood, and the patient needs immediate medical attention.
How is COVID-19transmitted?
COVID-19is transmitted from an infected person to other healthy individuals. The disease is spread by coughing or sneezing droplets and via a patient’s breathing and becomes attached on different surfaces. Other people will become infected with Covide-19 when touching their eyes, mouth and nose after contacting contaminated surfaces and objects. Infection can also occur through breathing, coughing, or exhaling droplets from the person who has COVID-19. Therefore, it’s essential to keep a distance of 1.5 meters.
How can you prevent from getting infected with Covid-19?
To reduce the risk of developing COVID-19, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a set of recommendations, which significantly reduces the risk of getting infected with COVID-19 if they are followed. Frequent washing of the hands with soap and water and drinking plenty of fluids is highly recommended. Also, when coughing or sneezing, patients should cover their mouth with their elbow or a tissue. In public places and the communities, keeping social distancing (at least six feet) is very important. Additionally, the best way to stay healthy and safe from coronavirus 2019 is to stay at home.
Is there a definitive cure for Covid-19?
According to research which has been carried out so far, there is still no specific vaccine or treatment for the disease, and scientists are still researching to find a cure. Doctors prescribe different medications for COVID-19 patients which are determined based on the patient’s condition and the stage of the disease.
What do we know about COVID-19 so far/ latest scientific discoveries presented by researchers? In recent months, the whole world has been facing unprecedented challenges in the spread of coronavirus 2019 [...]
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